Trend II Online Guide Homepage
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CPAP Continuous Positive Airway Pressure
Hoffrichter Trend II
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CPAP Continuous Positive Airway Pressure
Hoffrichter Trend II Package: The Hoffrichter Trend II CPAP machine is the top of the range. The machine is capable of CPAP (Continuous Positive Airway Pressure) with FLEXLINE mode. Package Includes: Hoffrichter Trend II CPAP Machine, Hoffrichter Trend II Humidifier, Hoffrichter Trend II Tube, Hoffrichter Trend II Filter, Hoffrichter Trend II Carry Bag, Power Cable. Buy or Rent & More Information here. 
Patient Testimonial - Mr Walker - Leeds UK “ I am very pleased with the UKCPAP introduction to the Hoffrichter Trend II CPAP Package for Sleep Apnea help and irregular sleep pattern assistance. I have suffered for many years with Sleep Apnea. I had a Stroke connected to Apnea and irregular heartbeat (atrial fibrillation). This was a wake up call to try to improve my irregular sleep patterns. My family suggested I try ‘UKCPAP’ and I have made excellent progress and now I have more energy, less tiredness during the day and now at 69 yrs of age have got back on my bike!”
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Questions & Answers Mask Air Pressure Ramp? Settings?
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A list of useful questions and answers from discussions with new users. Hoffrichter Trend II 1.  Does the ‘Trend II’ have an ON/OFF Power Switch?   Answer: NO - The Hoffrichter Trend II does not have an ON/OFF Switch. It is continuosly powered and left in standby mode when not in use. The machine can be switched off by unplugging the plug from the mains socket. (Please do not remove the SD Memory Card located under the Trend II Machine.) 2.  What does ‘RAMP’ mean?   Answer:  The slow rise to full pressure after first turning on the Trend II machine. The Ramp time can be adjusted by patients to their personal preference of time period. 3.  Can I wear an eye mask and earplugs to help me sleep?     Answer:  YES of course. A low cost eyemask will cover your eyes, help you sleep and also stop any cool air exhalation entering your eyes. Ear plugs will help reduce exhalation noise and the machine operating noise {which is not very loud anyway) - wax earplugs are the best. 4.  How often should I clean the Amara mask and tubes? Answer: Unclip and wash the mask ‘every day’ of use in the morning with warm water (not too hot) and a little bead of liquid soap. Leave the mask to dry naturally at room temperature before your next sleep period. Unclip and remove the main air tube ‘once a week and with warm water (not too hot) and a little bead of liquid soap.  Again - Leave the tubes to dry naturally at room temperature before your next sleep period. IMPORTANT:  There should be NO moisture beads in the narrow measuring tube - this can have an adverse effect on the measuring software and unit. Please use the 2 small plastic tube-end plugs to stop moisture/water entering the narrow measuring tube when cleaning. 5.  How should I stop the sound of my Trend II machine ‘Alarm’ and ‘Slumber’ Alert? Answer: When the alarm sounds ‘Double-Click the Start/Stop Button’ on the ‘Trend II’. This will stop the sounding alarm and disable the repeat slumber alert for this operation only.  Note: The future day alarm is not cancelled.
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CPAP Continuous Positive Airway Pressure
Operating Modes
The TREND II is intended for treating breathing disfunction especially for night-time sleep apnea in patients with a weight of 30 kg and higher. The device generates a ‘continuous positive airway pressure’ (CPAP) in order to keep the upper respiratory tract unobstructed. The device is not suitable for being used with patients who need artificial respiration.  The device is not a life-preserving system. The treatment pressure is applied through a breathing mask. This breathing mask must be provided with an exhalation valve in order to ensure that the exhaled air is discharged. Do not wear the breathing mask while the therapy device is turned off because you may rebreathe exhaled air. Please also follow the manufacturer’s instructions on use of the breathing mask. TREND II CPAP The CPAP device is a therapy device for treating obstructive sleep apnea. For this purpose the device provides a continuous positive air pressure - CPAP. FLEXLINE Mode Apart from the conventional CPAP-mode the device offers a proportional increase in pressure in the FLEXLINE Mode to the individual breath flow during inspiration and a pressure drop during the expiration. This intelligent method of pressure adjustment makes a careful therapy possible. TREND II AUTO Within a certain pressure range the device automatically controls the therapy pressure depending on the occurrence of respiratory events. In sleep phases with no events the therapy pressure is lowered. Starting obstructive events are treated effectively with a slight pressure increase. For a high therapy comfort the therapy pressure should always be only as high as necessary and as low as possible. The device can recognize the following respiratory events: • Obstuctive Apnea   • Hypopnea • Central Apnea • Snoring • Normal respiration • Increased airway resistance The identification of the different respiratory events is achieved via 3 channels: 3 channels:   1. Measurement of any constriction of the       respiratory tract.   2. Detection of flow limitations by measuring the       flow.   3. Detection of snoring with the help of       sound detection. The combined analysis of all results facilitates a very precise differentiation between obstructive and central events. The device adjusts the therapy pressure according to the detected events as described below: • Increase of pressure for obstructive events • Decrease of pressure for central events and normal respiration In addition, the pressure increase can be adjusted in 5 levels according to special requirements and to the individual patient comfort. These settings are performed by the physician with the help of the PC software TRENDset. In addition to normal APAP and CPAP mode the device offers the FLEXLINE mode, a pressure increase which is proportionate to the individual respiration flow during inspiration and a pressure decrease during expiration. TREND II BILEVEL The device has two different adjustable pressure levels:- A higher level for inspiration. A lower level for expiration. Trigger Device The respiration trigger detects the patients efforts to breath in and out and signals these efforts to the control device. Flow-Based Trigger is integrated which can be set separately for inspiration and expiration. While the pressure increases during inspiration, it decreases during expiration. In connection with an optimum slope adjustment this results in a ventilation which is very comfortable for the patient and which gives the patient the impression that the device is following the natural respiration without delay. NOTE: During the expiration phase a negative pressure (vacuum) will not be created. TREND II BILEVEL ST20 The device has two different adjustable pressure levels:- A higher level for inspiration. A lower level for expiration. Trigger Device The respiration trigger detects the patients efforts to breathe IN and OUT and signals these efforts to the control device. In the device the modes S-, ST- and T- modes are integrated. S-mode Spontaneous Trigger - the change from one pressure level to another is triggered by starting respiration of the patient only. A decline in pressure to the set lower pressure level also occurs once the inspiration flow ends.
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CPAP Continuous Positive Airway Pressure
Clinical Menu
To enter the Clinical Menu Press the Enter Key  hold until a small bleep is made and the patient menu is entered. Then, Press BOTH Programming Keys  and  simultaneously, and the Clinical Menu will appear on the LCD. THERAPY-RELEVANT PARAMETERS AND THEIR MEANING Mode To set the Mode First go to the Clinic-Menu  Then, select mode using the Programming Keys  and . Press the Enter Key . The device will prompt you to enter the PIN which is 0000. Simply press the Enter Key  4 times. Over each flashing ‘‘ 0 ’’. Leave the menu once the desired mode is selected. The device will then save the new mode. Pressure (only in modes CPAP and FLEX) To set the Pressure  First go to the Clinic-Menu. Then select pressure using the Programming Keys  and . Press the Enter Key . P-Start (only in mode APAP) To Set the P-Start First go to the Clinic-menu.  Then, select P-Start using the programming Keys  and . Press the Enter Key . Now, the device will prompt you to enter the PIN. By using the programming keys programming Keys  and , you can now set the pressure. Confirm with the Enter Key . Next, the parameter P-Min is set. P-Min (only in mode APAP) First, Set the P-Start. Then, set the minimum pressure using the programming Keys  and . Confirm with the Enter Key . Next, the parameter P-Max is set. P-Max (only in mode APAP) First, Set the P-Start and P-Min.  Then, set the maximum pressure using the programming Keys  and . Confirm with the Enter Key .
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CPAP Continuous Positive Airway Pressure
Difficulties?
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‘A creative man is motivated by the desire to achieve. not by the desire to beat others’ - Ayn Rand
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Are you having any difficulties? It is quite common to have various teething difficulties whilst adjusting to CPAP therapy. If you have any problems using your CPAP, please contact your ukcpap healthcare professional. Each person will require individual assistance based on the type of the problem, their equipment and their prescription. The following information below is not intended to replace the advice of your doctor or any health professional. This should be considered as a source of education. You should not stop, start or change any treatment plan without your doctor's advice. Please find some of your questions below:  Do you find your equipment complicated?  The CPAP machine is specifically designed not to be complicated because it is meant to be used every day by people everywhere. It comes with a written instruction for proper usage and caring. Please call us if you need more help. I am having a hard time fitting my mask?  If you are having any issue with fit, function or comfort you should address them with us as soon as possible. Because your mask is one of the most important aspects of your CPAP. In case you''re a new CPAP user, please remember that you should fit your mask snugly enough to avoid leaks in all sleep positions. Mask fitting takes practice. I need the software/uploading the data, what will I do? The device seems not to be working properly?  Please let us know straight away so we can discuss the issue further. Please call or email us with any questions or concern. Tel:  00447713151892  email: info@ukcpap.co.uk
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CPAP Continuous Positive Airway Pressure
Any Problems?
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If you have any problems using your CPAP, please contact your UKCPAP Healthcare Professional. Each person will require individual assistance based on the type of the problem, their equipment and their prescription. The following information below is not intended to replace the advice of your doctor or any health professional. This should be considered as a source of education. You should not stop, start or change any treatment plan without your doctor's advice. Please let us know straight away so we can discuss the issue further. Call or email us with any questions or concern.  Tel: 0771 315 1892  email: info@ukcpap.co.uk
CPAP Continuous Positive Airway Pressure
Sleep Apnea
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Sleep Apnea is a serious sleep disorder that occurs when a person's breathing is interrupted during sleep. People with untreated Sleep Apnea stop breathing repeatedly during their sleep, sometimes hundreds of times. This means the brain and the rest of the body may not get enough oxygen. There are two main types of Sleep Apnea:  1. Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA):  The more common of the two forms of Apnea, it is caused by a blockage of the airway, usually when the soft tissue in the back of the throat collapses during sleep. 2. Central Sleep Apnea: Unlike OSA, the airway is not necessary blocked but the brain fails to signal to the muscles to breathe due to instability in the respiratory control center. Am I at Risk for Sleep Apnea? Sleep Apnea can affect anyone at any age, even children. Risk Factors for Sleep Apnea include:    • Male gender    • Being overweight    • Being over the age of forty    • Having a large neck size (17 inches or greater in     men and 16 inches or greater in women).    • Having large tonsils, a large tongue, a small jaw    bone.    • Having a family history of Sleep Apnea    • Gastroesophageal reflux, or GERD    • Nasal obstruction due to a deviated septum, allergies, sinus problems. What are the Effects of Sleep Apnea? If left untreated, sleep apnea can result in a growing number of health problems including: • High blood pressure • Stroke • Heart failure, irregular heartbeats, heart attacks • Diabetes • Depression • Worsening of ADHD In addition, untreated Sleep Apnea may be responsible for poor performance in everyday activities, such as at work and school, motor vehicle crashes, as well as academic underachievement in children and adolescents.
CPAP Continuous Positive Airway Pressure
Glossary
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9 ‘There are no traffic jams along the extra mile.’ - Roger Staubach
CPAP Continuous Positive Airway Pressure